In some previous articles, we’ve enlightened on Different Types of Forging process and Different types of forging operations. In today’s article, you’ll get to know the definition, applications, advantages, and disadvantages of the forging process.
What is a forging process?
Forging is a manufacturing process that involves shaping metals using localized compressive forces like a hammer usually a power hammer or a die. it can also be defined as the process of heating, deforming, and finishing a piece of metal by forcing them into the desired shape.
Forging shapes are obtained by the force and of a falling ram upon an anvil or by a die press enclosing a piece of metal and squeeze-forming the parts. They are classified according to the temperature at which it is performed: cold, warm, and hot forging.
The process is performed by smiths for some time now in producing items like hardware, hand tools, edged weapons, jewelry, and kitchenware, and they are widely used in mechanisms and machines wherever a component requires high strength.
Forging also required further processing, such as machining to obtain the finished object. It also offers a better response to heat treatment and can be nearly any shape, it reduces the need of joining multiple places which can improve the overall strength of the objects as welding and other joining methods are not involved.
Read more: Different types of forging operations
Advantages and Disadvantages of forging process
Below are the advantages of forging in their various applications:
- Its products are strong.
- It is more reliable and less costly.
- It response better to heat treatment.
- Forging offers more consistent and better metallurgical properties.
- It sometimes requires a secondary operation, making its product final look appealing.
- Forging is used to make a variety of shapes.
- Its design is flexible.
- It offers a broad size range of products.
Read more: Difference between Forging and Casting
Despite the good benefits of forging, some limitations still occur. Below are some disadvantages of the forging process:
- It is difficult to perform secondary operation in hot forging.
- Capital cost is more in forging work.
- Very high man and materials safety procedures need to be followed.
As mentioned earlier, the forging process gives quality products but there are still some defects that may occur, it includes, unfilled sections, cold shut, scale pitta, die shift, flakes, improper grain flow. Read it below:
That is all for this post, definition, applications, advantages, and disadvantages of a forging process. I hope you get a lot from this post, if so, kindly share it with other students. Thanks for reading, see you next time!