Home - Material Science - Difference Between Nonferrous and Ferrous metals

Difference Between Nonferrous and Ferrous metals


The two types of metals ever known are ferrous and nonferrous metals. They have different qualities, properties and uses due to what they are made of. Nonferrous metal don’t contain iron whilst ferrous contains iron in them. In this articles you’ll get to know the different between ferrous and nonferrous metals, including their uses, types and properties.

Also check: Foundry work and Processes and Types of Forging process

Difference between nonferrous and ferrous metals

Ferrous Metals

These are metals containing iron. They are used mostly in fabrication industries and shops in production of items such as, skyscrapers, bridges, vehicles, and railroad. They are also used in engines due to their mechanical properties, they also have high carbon content, which make them prone to rust. Ferrous metals are magnetic which makes its application to electrical appliances. Some metals like stainless steel contains wrought iron and chromium which makes them high pure iron.

Difference between nonferrous and ferrous metals


Some types of ferrous metals are:

1. Carbon steel: this is an exceptional hard metal containing higher carbon content added to iron.

2. Stainless steels: these metals are completely free from rust even when exposed to moisture. they are made of alloy steel and chromium.

3. Cast iron: it is also very hard metals that can resist wears. Cast iron is the combinations of iron, chromium and silicon.

4. Steel: these metals are widely used in metal fabrication and construction site. They are made of iron and carbon.

5. Other alloy steel: these are added to metals in order to strengthen them without weight. This lightweight metals include: chromium, nickel, titanium, etc.

Nonferrous metals

Non-ferrous metals are metals, or alloys that does not have appreciable amount of iron in them. These metals are special due to it properties that include: malleability, non-magnetic, high conductivity, resistance to corrosion and low weight.

Even though non-ferrous are costly than ferrous metals, they are used in industrial application such as: roofing pipes, electrical and gutters. Non-ferrous metal is suitable for highly corrosive environments such as: liquid, chemical and sewage pipelines. Due to the non-magnetism of non-ferrous metal, they are used in many electrical and electronic appliances. Some non-ferrous metals like Aluminum has low weight, Copper has higher conductivity, Zinc are non-magnetic and it is resistance to corrosion.

Most common and important types of non-ferrous metals include: Aluminum, Copper, Lead, Nickel, Tin, Titanium, Zinc and Brass. They are used in industrial processes. Some precious non-ferrous metal include: Silver, Gold, and Platinum.

And that is it for this articles. Difference between nonferrous and ferrous metals.  You can questions via our comment box if you have any and please don’t forget to share. Thank you!


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *