After several articles on shaper and planer machines, we realize that there are few differences and many similarities between them. the major difference between them is that, the workpiece is fixed on the table and the tool reciprocates toward the workpiece and cuts off the unwanted material. However, in planer machines the tool stays stationary and the work moves over it.
Another great difference between them is that planers are designed for larger and heavy projects, whilst, shaper machines are for smaller jobs
Shaper and planer machine differences:
The following in the table below are the differences and similarities of the shaper and planer machine:
|1||In a shaper machine work is held stationary and the cutting tool on the ram is moved back and forth across the work.||In a planar machine, the tool is stationary and the workpiece travels back and forth under the tool.|
|2||Shapers can be used for shaping much smaller jobs.||A planer is meant for larger jobs than can be undertaken on a shaper. Jobs as large as 6 meters wide and twice as long can be machined on a planer.|
|3||A shaper is a light machine.||A planer is a heavy-duty machine.|
|4||Shapers can employ light cuts and finer feed.||Planers can employ heavier cuts and coarse feed.|
|5||Shaper uses one cutting tool at a time.||Planer uses several tools to cut simultaneously.|
|6||The shaper is driven using a quick return mechanism.||The drive on the planer table is either by gears or by hydraulic means.|
|7||It is less rigid and less robust.||Due to the better rigidity of the planer machine, compared to that of a shaper, the planer can give more accuracy on machined surfaces.|
That’s it for this article, the difference between a shaper and a planer machine. I hope you attain the knowledge, if so, kindly comment and share. Thanks!