Everything you need to know about a grinding machine

A grinding machine which is popularly known as a grinder is a power tool or machine tool used for grinding. Just as other machine tools, it is a type of machining process that uses an abrasive wheel as the cutting tool. The abrasive grain on the wheel’s surface cuts a small chip from the workpiece through a shear deformation.

Today we’ll be looking at the definition, types, working principle, parts, operations, as well as advantages and disadvantages.

grinding machine


Grinding machine definition:

A grinding machine or grinder is an industrial power tool that features abrasive wheel for cutting or removing of chips from the metal surfaces. It can also be defined as a process of metal cutting by using a rotating abrasive wheel form the surface of the workpiece.

Using a grinder on a workpiece that shows low surface roughness, this will help to obtain high surface quality, accuracy and dimension.

Read: Understanding lathe machine

The working principle of a grinding machine:

The working of a grinding machine is quite interesting and easier to understand. The grinder features an electric motor that supplies the motion power to the grinding wheel with the aid of belt and pulley. The electric motor rotates at 150-15000 RPM, well it may vary according to the types of grinders. The v-belt and cone pulley play an important role are the grinding wheel start rotating and the operation get done.

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Grinding machine diagram:


The followings are the operations that can be performed on a grinding machine:

  • Surface grinding operation.
  • Cylindrical grinding operation (internal and external cylinder grinding.)
  • Centerless grinding operation.
  • Form grinding operation.
  • Wet and Dry grinding operation.

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Grinding Machines Types:

The following stated below represent the various types of grinding machine:

Rough Grinders:

The rough types of grinders are categorized into:

  • Floor or bench grinders.
  • Portable grinders.
  • Abrasive belt grinders.
  • Swing-Frame grinders.

Precision Grinders:

Precision grinders are categorized into:

  • Surface grinders.
  • Cylindrical grinders (Plain, Universal, and centerless grinders.)
  • Tool and cutter grinders.
  • Internal grinders (chucking, planetary, and centerless grinders.)
  • Special grinders.

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Grinding machine parts consist of the following parts:

  • Base or Bed
  • Table
  • Headstock
  • Tailstock
  • Wheel head
  • Cross-feed

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Read:- Everything you need to know about drilling machine

Advantages and disadvantages of grinding machines


The following stated below represent the benefit of using grinding machines

  • High surface finish and accuracy are produced.
  • Ability to machine hard material.
  • Less pressure can be applied to work.
  • Ability to work at high temperature.
  • Offers high accurate dimensions.
  • Ability to cut any type of metal at a speed rate.
  • It can produce a smooth surface

Despite the great advantages of grinding machines some limitations still occur. The following are the disadvantages of using grinding machines:

  • The tools are highly expensive.
  • Materials are removed little by little, making it a time-consuming process.
  • Operation is carefully done to avoid damages.

That’s it for this article, Understanding grinding machines. I hope the knowledge is attained, if so, kindly comment, share and check other interesting topics below. Thanks!

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