In order for combustion to occur in your car, the air (which is typically 80% nitrogen and 20% oxygen) must be drawn in from outside the vehicle. The air interacts with the fuel and burns in the combustion chamber, where temperatures reach above 1370°C. At this high temperature, inert nitrogen in the air burns, resulting in nitrogen oxides (NOx). NOx is one of the most significant pollutants emitted by automobiles and is known to cause human health issues such as respiratory disorders.
Exhaust gases must be cooled before being expelled from your vehicle to limit the amount of NOx pollution emitted. To do this, they are injected back into the combustion chamber via the exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) valve, lowering the temperature and thereby inhibiting NOx emissions.
In this article, we’ll go through the importance of the EGR valve and the most common symptoms that the valve is bad. Also, we’ll be uncovering if you can drive with a bad EGR valve, how often you should replace the valve, and how much it will cost you to replace the valve. So, let’s get down to it!
What is the importance of the EGR valve?
The exhaust gas recirculation valve, or EGR valve for short, is a component of the vehicle’s engine management system that recirculates finely metered quantities of exhaust gas to the engine intake system for greater engine efficiency, reduced fuel consumption, and lower NOx emissions.
Symptoms of a bad EGR valve?
A defective EGR valve can disrupt the flow and operation of the EGR system, resulting in performance concerns such as reduced power, reduced acceleration, and poor fuel efficiency. It may also boost vehicle emissions. EGR valves can become stuck ‘open’ or ‘closed’ due to soot particles, carbon deposits, and dirt from fuel.
Longer, faster drives on the highway are best for your EGR valve because they allow the engine to grow hot enough to burn off carbon deposits. In contrast, metropolitan driving circumstances can allow these deposits to accumulate. The following are the most common symptoms you’ll undoubtedly notice if you have a bad EGR valve:
Car idles roughly
A rough idle when starting your car or during brief stops (i.e. low engine speeds with a warmed-up engine) can occur when the EGR is always open and a continuous flow of exhaust gases enters the intake manifold.
The vehicle performs poorly.
When the valve is open or closed, it can cause poor performance. The faulty operation of the EGR valve might result in irregular vehicle performance.
Increased fuel usage.
When the valve is always open, it causes increased fuel consumption. Because the temperature is lower, the fuel does not burn at the appropriate temperature, making it less efficient.
When idle, your car frequently stalls.
Stalling occurs when the engine idles like a rough idle and the EGR valve is continually open, allowing exhaust gases to enter the EGR system.
Gasoline smell present.
Because not all of the fuel burns at low rpm, you may normally smell fuel if there is a continuous flow of exhaust fumes into the intake manifold. This increases the amount of hydrocarbon gases discharged from the exhaust, resulting in a fuel odor.
The engine management light stays illuminated.
When your vehicle identifies an issue with the EGR valve, the engine management light may remain illuminated. This could happen if the EGR is constantly closed or open. However, it is important to remember that the EGR valve normally begins to degrade before it breaks fully, and the engine management system may not detect it until it fails. As a result, it is worthwhile to keep an eye out for the other indications and symptoms described.
Your vehicle emits more pollutants.
When your EGR valve isn’t working properly, you’ll notice an increase in emissions. As previously stated, if the valve is jammed open, the temperature drops, preventing all of the fuel from burning. This means there will be more unburned hydrocarbon gases flowing out of the tailpipe. While your valve is always closed, the high temperatures in the combustion chamber allow for excessive NOx gas generation.
The engine is producing knocking noises.
If the EGR valve is constantly closed, the engine may make knocking noises. This is due to the fact that at low rpm, the gasoline ignites quickly when it comes into contact with the high temperature. Detonations are also common since a second ignition might occur after the first.
Can you drive with a bad EGR valve?
You can technically drive your vehicle with a bad EGR valve, but it will run rough, shudder at idle, and the check engine light will illuminate. While driving down the road, you may also hear popping sounds. Driving with a faulty EGR valve, on the other hand, means that your car emits a lot of nitrogen oxide, which pollutes the environment, and you will fail the emissions test.
You can drive your vehicle for many miles with a defective EGR valve as long as the valve is not totally open. The EGR valve can become clogged and cause a check engine light to illuminate, but there are no observable changes and the car continues to function normally.
How often should you replace the valve?
There is no definitive answer on how often an EGR valve should be replaced. Some experts support replacing it every 40,000-50,000 miles. However, as with most other parts of your car, there is no predetermined mileage for when a piece of equipment will wear out and break. Look for the symptoms listed above and base your replacement on them.
How much will it cost you to replace the EGR valve?
The average cost of replacing the EGR valve in your car ranges from $250 to $350, depending on the year, make, and model of your vehicle, as well as the sort of system it has. The cost of parts will range between $190 and $270, while labor will cost between $60 and $80. Of course, these cost estimates do not include the fees and taxes that will be applied to the total. The service should involve an EGR transducer test, check of vacuum hoses linked to the EGR valve, clearing of all trouble codes, cleaning of carbon deposits from the EGR pintle, and testing of the EGR valve to ensure it runs smoothly.
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What happens when your EGR valve goes bad?
When your EGR valve isn’t working properly, you’ll notice an increase in emissions. As previously stated, if the valve is jammed open, the temperature drops, preventing all of the fuel from burning. This means there will be more unburned hydrocarbon gases flowing out of the tailpipe.
What causes EGR failure?
Failures are typically caused by a buildup of deposits in the EGR valve over time, causing it to stick. This build-up is normal vehicle operating and should be viewed as a serviceable piece in need of repair or replacement.
What sensors control EGR?
The EGR valve controls the EGR fraction, whereas the VGT controls the intake manifold pressure. An exhaust manifold pressure sensor (P2), an intake manifold pressure sensor (P2), and a speed density estimate of total mass flow are all critical sensors.
Can the EGR valve be cleaned?
Wear acid-resistant gloves when cleaning the valve. Wear safety glasses as well, as the carbon deposits may become airborne during the process. Spray the carbon deposits with the EGR valve cleaner. Use a pipe cleaning brush and a dull scraper to remove the carbon buildup.
Can a car run without an EGR valve?
You can technically drive without an EGR valve. It will not harm your engine, but it will harm the environment. Your EGR valve’s job is to reduce the amount of dangerous NOx gases in the air, thus if it’s not working properly, more toxic gases will be released into the air.
How do you prevent an EGR valve from failing?
Furthermore, many EGR issues can be avoided by simply ensuring that the car is maintained on a regular basis and that it gets decent blat down a highway at least once a month, with plenty of accelerating and decelerating (pottering around town at moderate speeds is particularly terrible for EGR valves).
Can an EGR cause a misfire?
A malfunctioning EGR valve is one of the most common reasons for engine misfires. The EGR valve is in charge of returning exhaust gases to the combustion chamber. This contributes to lower emissions and improved fuel efficiency. However, if the EGR valve becomes clogged or broken, an engine misfire might occur.
And that’s all for this article, in which we talked about the importance of the EGR valve and the most common symptoms that the valve is bad. In addition, we uncovered if you can drive with a bad EGR valve, how often you should replace the valve, and how much it will cost you to replace the valve. Hope you learn a lot from the reading. If you do, kindly share it with others. Thanks for reading; see you around!