Health & Wellbeing

The difference between Dementia and Alzheimer’s Disease?

A series of symptoms known as dementia is linked to a decline in memory, reasoning, or other cognitive abilities. There are numerous causes of dementia as well as numerous different forms of dementia. When multiple types of dementia affect the brain at once, the condition is known as mixed dementia. In between 60 and 80 percent of dementia cases, Alzheimer’s disease is to blame. Aging does not necessarily cause dementia. It is brought on by damage to brain cells that interferes with their communication, which in turn affects thinking, behavior, and emotions.

Read more: Understanding Both Diabetes and Alzheimer’s Disease

Well in this article we’ll be discussing the difference between Dementia and Alzheimer’s Disease, whereby the answers to the following question will be discussed:

  • What are the symptoms of Dementia and Alzheimer’s Disease?
  • What are the Causes of Dementia and Alzheimer’s Disease?
  • How to Prevent Dementia and Alzheimer’s Disease?
  • How to Diagnose Dementia and Alzheimer’s Disease?
  • How to Treat Dementia and Alzheimer’s Disease?


What are the symptoms of Dementia and Alzheimer’s Disease?

Given that Alzheimer’s is a type of dementia, it exhibits numerous dementia-related symptoms. But there are various types of dementia, each with distinctive traits and signs. You can differentiate Alzheimer’s disease from other types of dementia by being aware of the general signs of dementia and the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease.

Symptomps of Alzheimer’s

Many of the signs of dementia and those of Alzheimer’s disease are similar. However, Alzheimer’s patients don’t have dementia symptoms until later in the course of the disease.

Depending on what stage of the disease you are experiencing, your specific symptoms of Alzheimer’s will vary. Short-term memory loss is one of the disorder’s initial signs.

The following signs and symptoms are the most typical:

  • Difficulty carrying out routine duties
  • Extreme mood changes
  • Behavioral alterations
  • Having trouble organizing stuff
  • Aggression
  • Reading and writing challenges
  • Difficulty performing routine chores
  • Abandoning social activities
  • Getting lost in well-known locations
  • Things being put in strange places
  • Delusions and hallucinations

It will be beneficial to see dementia as a collection of symptoms that lead to cognitive deterioration rather than treating it as a standalone condition. People who have dementia frequently experience memory loss. The distinction between dementia and possible aging-related forgetfulness must be made.

Dementia’s most typical signs and symptoms include:

  • Having trouble remembering stuff
  • difficulty carrying out routine tasks, such as getting dressed
  • behavioral alterations, such as an abrupt retraction
  • Having trouble concentrating and paying attention
  • neglecting one’s needs
  • Having trouble communicating

What are the Causes of Dementia and Alzheimer’s Disease?

The most common cause of dementia is Alzheimer’s disease. It’s merely one of many potential reasons, though.

Causes of Dementia

Dementia may arise as a result of specific circumstances or elements. The following are a few of the most typical conditions that have been associated with dementia development:

  • Alzheimer’s condition
  • Mental illness with Lewy bodies
  • Vascular cognitive dysfunction
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • harm to the brain from trauma
  • Parkinson’s condition

Alzheimer’s disease causes
Despite the fact that Alzheimer’s disease has been shown to cause dementia, researchers are still unable to pinpoint the disease’s exact etiology. However, a number of causes have been connected to the condition’s emergence. The most typical ones are:

  • Age: Older persons have a higher risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease. The illness usually starts to manifest symptoms in your 60s.
  • Genetics: According to some studies, if your family has a history of the disorder, you may be more likely to get it yourself.
  • Environmental and lifestyle factors: Studies have shown that leading a healthy lifestyle, including eating a balanced diet, getting regular exercise, getting enough sleep, and engaging in social activities, might help lower the chance of acquiring the illness, particularly as you become older.

Read more: Can Alzheimer’s Disease be Genetic?

How to Prevent Dementia and Alzheimer’s Disease?

Dementia and Alzheimer’s disease are disorders that arise with aging. As a result, scientists are continuously examining ways to stop these diseases at a younger age. There is currently no known way to prevent the onset of Alzheimer’s disease. Dementia brought on by things like drug misuse can be avoided though. According to a 2017 study, regular exercise, blood pressure monitoring, and cognitive training can help you avoid cognitive decline, which can lead to dementia or Alzheimer’s disease.

How to Diagnose Dementia and Alzheimer’s Disease?

There are various dementia subtypes. To effectively treat the condition, it is crucial to determine whether a person has Alzheimer’s disease rather than another type of dementia.

Dementia diagnosis

The main focus of dementia diagnosis is on the potential dementia symptoms’ causes. This means that your physician will make an effort to ascertain whether Alzheimer’s disease or any other disorders are to blame for your symptoms of dementia. A number of physical and medical tests are frequently performed as part of the diagnosis process. Your medical and family history will also be thoroughly examined by your doctor. In rare cases, the doctor may find that your dementia symptoms are caused by more than one disorder.

Alzheimer’s disease diagnosis

Usually, the cause of a person’s dementia symptoms can be determined before a diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease is made. A blood test to measure your beta-amyloid levels can be used by doctors to make a definitive diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer’s patients’ brains have been observed to abnormally accumulate beta-amyloid protein. Since Alzheimer’s is a progressive condition, its symptoms get worse with time.

Read more: Alzheimer’s Disease: Causes and how to treat it.

How to Treat Dementia and Alzheimer’s Disease?

Combining medication and psychotherapy is a viable treatment option for dementia and Alzheimer’s disease. The most effective type of psychotherapy for both illnesses is cognitive-behavioral therapy. The sort of medication used to treat either disease depends on the symptoms being displayed.

Treatment for Alzheimer’s

Alzheimer’s disease is a fatal, degenerative illness for which there is no known cure at this time. The good news is that there are treatments available to help people with this illness operate better and lessen the severity of their symptoms. The FDA has authorized the following medicines, particularly for treating certain Alzheimer’s disease symptoms:

  • Cholinesterase inhibitors: These are used to treat dementia and cognitive symptoms in Alzheimer’s patients. Exelon (rivastigmine), Aricept (donepezil), and Razadyne (galantamine) are a few examples.
  • Aduhelm (anti-amyloid antibody aducanumab): This treatment removes amyloid proteins that have been discovered to accumulate in the brains of individuals with Alzheimer’s disease and may be the underlying cause of the ailment.
  • Memantine, often known as Namenda, is primarily used to treat mild to moderate symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease. It is believed to function by controlling the chemical messenger glutamate, which mitigates its negative effects on the brain.

Treatment for Dementia

The FDA has given certain drugs approval to treat dementia because they have been shown to enhance cognitive function. Memantine and cholinesterase inhibitors are some of them.

A combination of both drugs may be administered in extreme circumstances. With caution, medication for those symptoms may also be recommended if additional severe behavioral or sleep issues are present.

Read more:  Causes and Risk Factors for Alzheimer’s Disease


Alzheimer’s disease and dementia are comparable illnesses that are frequently used interchangeably. Despite the fact that they have many things in common, it’s crucial to recognize their variances. Dementia is one of the numerous symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease, which is a neurological illness. The condition known as Alzheimer’s disease is also regarded as a form of dementia. Dementia results in cognitive decline, which includes memory loss, reasoning problems, and difficulty completing daily chores. Both disorders, despite having no known cures, can be managed with a mix of medicine and psychotherapy.

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