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Different Types of Clamps and their Functions

A clamp is a workshop tool that holds material in place or holds numerous materials together. They aid in the accurate cutting or connecting of various materials. These are mostly utilized in woodworking, metalworking, and construction applications. Even while all clamps accomplish the same job, there are many distinct varieties to choose from. However, because a single clamp-type cannot be used for all operations, some claims are purposefully designed for specific operations.

A clamp is a useful tool for firmly holding a workpiece in place while it is being worked on, and it can be used for a range of tasks, such as a tool used in woodworking to secure a piece of wood to a workbench while performing tasks such as cutting or chasing. While painting, a clamp might be useful for keeping the workpiece uniform. it is an ideal tool to use in metalworking applications such as welding, grinding, or manufacturing to hold materials such as steel, iron, aluminum, and copper, among others. They’re also useful for drilling since they keep workpieces firmly in position on a drill table.

The filing process involves applying pressure to the metal in order to file it, which causes the workpiece to move. As a result, clamps are utilized to prevent this. The clamps can be used to hold parts in place while waiting for the glue to dry during gluing.

In this article, you’ll learn about the various types of clamps and their uses. You’ll also learn how to use these clamps.

types of clamps

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Types of clamps

The various types of camps are beam clamp, bench clamp, bench vise, cabinetry clamp, corner clamp, dimide clamp, drill press clamp, flooring clamp, G & C clamp, ground clamp, hand screw clamp, hose clamp, hydraulic clamp, Kant-twist clamp, locking clamp, Marman clamp, material handling clamp, miter clamp, parallel clamp, picture frame clamp, pinch dog, pipe clamp, power or pneumatic clamp, quick grip, quick action clamp, sash clamp, scissor clamp, screw clamp, sheet metal clamp, sliding clamp, step clamp, toggle clamp, trigger clamp, web or strap clamp, wire rope clamp.

Beam clamps

Steel beams and plates are lifted with the help of beam clamps. These are ideal for moving heavy objects. They enable a secure installation without the use of welding or drilling. On a pitched beam, this sort of clamp is preferable.

Beam clamp

Bench clamps

These are clamps that are widely used in woodworking to hold a piece of metal or a workpiece on a bench. Bench clamps are metal clamps that come in a variety of sizes and styles. The clamp’s fixed jaw is formed by the bench. These clamps are ideal for holding wood in place when cutting, drilling, or planning. They are less expensive and necessary for carpentry work.

bench clamp

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Bench vise

These are vises, but they also serve the same purpose as clamps. It contains a moveable and fixed jaw that can be adjusted easily with screws, as well as an upward-facing clamp that can be relaxed or tightened with a lever. Some bench vises are portable, using screws that can be readily undone to relocate the vise to a new position. These are heavy-duty tools that are frequently used in the woodworking industry. If you’re sawing, drilling, sanding, or leveling your projects, they’ll stay put.

Bench vise

Cabinetry clamps

Aligners are the common name for these clamps. Cabinetry clamps hold two neighboring cabinets together by aligning their face frames so that they can be screwed together. This is accomplished by clamping the two axes together. Clamps for cabinetry are ideal for woodworking projects.


Cardellini clamps

Cardellini clamps are used to hold the tubing in place while it is being used. They can be used on square, circular, or rectangular tubes and can also hold flat materials in places like plywood or sheet metal due to the design. Due to their sturdy, lengthy design, these types of clamps are employed in tight locations and can be inserted anyplace with a range of at least two inches. Clamp grips are particularly prone to damaging the object if they are attached too tightly, so caution should be exercised when using them.


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Corner clamps

A corner clamp is required if you want to secure the joints of two workpieces at 90-degree angles. Because they were created to be utilized for corner joints, they may not be ideal for other uses.


Dimide clamps

This is a heavy-duty clamp that is meant to combine speed and power via the impact of a wrench. The dimide clamp’s T-handle is detachable and contains a hex head that allows the clamp to readily adjust while fitting into tighter spaces. These dependable clamps are used to prevent parts from slipping, squeezing parts together, and removing clamp impediments from the manufacturing line.

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Drill press clamps

These types of clamps are meant to hold material in place in drill press tables, allowing users to make extremely precise and clean cuts. The clamp is simple to adjust and release, resulting in a precise snug, and firm fit. When working in a drill press, this function makes it incredibly safe and precise.

drill press clamp

Flooring clamps

When a carpenter installs flooring, he uses enormous clamps called flooring clamps. They aid in holding tongue-and-groove boards in place so that they can be dragged down securely while remaining stationary, ensuring that they are mounted precisely in position. They are not versatile, and this is their only function, which they fulfill admirably. Clamps for flooring can hold up to ten boards at once.


G or C clamps

These are the most typical clamps, and they’re used to hold a workpiece to a table or clamp two elements of a project together. Because of their shape, which mimics capital letters, they are referred to as G clamps or C clamps. The clamp’s ‘C’ section circles around your work, with a longer screw tightening the jaw and securing the clamp. Because of its swivel head, the screw segment can usually cling to uneven surfaces.

G & C clamp

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Ground clamps

Grounding wires are secured to grounding rods and pipelines with these clamps. Grounding and special operations such as welding and aircraft refueling are common uses for them. Ground types of clamps come in a variety of shapes and sizes, depending on the ground wire’s composition. In the event of a ground fault or short circuit, ground clamps can be placed on existing metal plumbing pipes to provide a ground path for electricity.

Hand screw clamps

Metalworkers frequently utilize hand screw clamps. The clamp jaws may easily be adjusted to fit and keep angled materials in place, making them excellent for furniture repairs. Steel is used to construct these clamps, which makes them sturdy and long-lasting. Some companies are now producing them in wooden versions as well. Toolmaker clamps are another name for these.

hand screw

Hose clamps

Hose clamps are small circular clamps that may be tightened with a little screw and are made of aluminum or thin metals. It’s used to connect wires or materials of similar sizes. They are optional tools for cable ties or duct tape, but because of their metal design, they last longer. They can be utilized in a range of settings, including the house and automobiles.


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Hydraulic clamps

The hydraulic clamp resembles a pneumatic clamp in appearance. To apply a clamping action, this sort of clamp uses hydraulic power or pressurized liquid. These clamps are ideal for strong clamping loads and control.

hydraulic clamp

Kant-twist clamps

These types of clamps are small and can be used to hold a variety of materials in place. Kant-twist clamps are particularly useful in the woodworking and metalworking industries. They’re shaped like “C clamps” and have an angle fixed so that they can retain materials that don’t operate in a straight line. These are powerful, sturdy, and simple to use, but they have a large range of motion.

kent twist

Locking clamps

A locking clamp is a plier and a C-clamp combined. It is made up of C-shaped jaw clamps that tighten the workpiece when pressure is applied to the lever. Because the locking clamps are one-handed, they are perfect for quick use. Welding and woodworking projects frequently need the usage of these clamps.

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Marman clamps

Clamps that are circular in shape and have a grip on them are these. These clamps, which are similar to hose clamps, allow the user to join cylinders together. Marman clamps resemble rings and come in a variety of designs and sizes. These types of clamps are also useful for holding two objects together tightly. These clamps are commonly used while working with fuel lines in aircraft since they are stronger.


Material handling clamps

Material handling clamps, as the name implies, are used to hold large materials that are typically lifted or handled. This type of clamp may be used for specific applications, such as weight capacity and clamping action direction. They’re frequently utilized in construction to lift and move heavy things. These are widely accessible and are mostly used in factories and foundries to raise huge weights such as rails, girders, pipes, and other similar items.

material handling

Mitre clamps

Mitre types of clamps are used to hold two components with mitered ends at right angles together. Typically, these are two pieces of wood that are clamped together to keep them tight and sturdy while you work on them. Mitre clamps with rigid frames and moveable jaws are more complicated. If used appropriately, even the most basic varieties of this clamp will be able to complete the work swiftly and easily. Mitre clamps with numerous pieces are available to make the tool more versatile, reliable, and functional.

mitre clamp

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Parallel clamps

A parallel clamp is made up of two parallel vertical jaws that pressurize the clamped material with one-handed triggers. Parallel clamps are similar to F clamps in that they have a short rod that slides in. They’re utilized to secure workpieces on broad surfaces like tabletops and doors because of their wide opening capacity.


Picture frame clamps

Four miter clamps are connected together to create space for a square or rectangular picture frame in a picture frame clamp. The frame comes together smoothly thanks to the mitered ends, which are held together with clamps. This type of clamp comes in a variety of styles, but the most common feature is a central screw that clamps and adjusts the frame components. These are appropriate for building or creating photo frames.

Picture frame

Pinch dog

A pinch dog is a little clamp with a pointy end that looks like a square bridge. When you have two pieces of wood that have just been bonded together, you hammer in a pinch dog to keep the wood in place while the glue dries. The tapered ends ensure that the wood is snugly held together then pinch dog pounded for a strong and clean glue line. This clamp is designed like a stable and is straight. They’re generally used in the woodworking industry.


Pipe clamps

Pipe clamps, as the name implies, are intended for usage with pipes. These types of clamps are similar to sash clamps, however, they have a round shaft instead of a flat bar or a long piece of metal. This piece wraps around the pipe and is secured with a screw. The length of the clamp is governed by the length of the pipe, and you can extend it by adding more tubes to it. The clamp jaw adjusts effortlessly but maintains a solid grasp in a variety of configurations.


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Power or pneumatic clamps

Power clamps get their name from the fact that they deliver a lot of force and power in a single action. They are frequently automatic, with a timer programmed to clamp and unclamp at specific intervals. They are remarkably strong, despite being surprisingly light and simple to use. In the automobile sector, power clamps are utilized to boost productivity. Power clamps are also utilized in assembly lines and in the manufacturing industry because they save time by operating automatically and reducing the need for human intervention.

pneumatic power clamps

Quick grip

Because it just has one handle, the rapid clamp can be used with one hand, but it also has adjustable pressure, making it simple to use. due to the jaws are not near to each other, this kind of clamp is perfect for thin materials and bits. Because of the way their jaws are arranged, they will struggle to hold thick things together.

quick grip

Quick action clamps

These types of clamps are meant to be operated with just one hand, making them robust and strong while being simple to use. This function allows you to grasp both the clamp and the item you’re clamping at the same time. It has a fast-release button that can be activated with just one finger, allowing for extremely quick movement. Because they have a similar design, most manufacturers combine this clamp with sealant guns.

quick action

Sash clamps

These types of clamps are meant to be operated with just one hand, making them robust and strong while being simple to use. This function allows you to grasp both the clamp and the item you’re clamping at the same time. It has a fast-release button that can be activated with just one finger, allowing for extremely quick movement. Because they have a similar design, most manufacturers combine this clamp with sealant guns.


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Scissor clamps

Lifting clamps are comparable to this sort of clamp. This type of clamp applies the clamping load to the load that is being lifted. Rough clamping jaws on the scissor clamp let it dig deeper into the lifting portion and improve grip.


Screw clamps

This type of clamp is similar to a power clamp in that it gives far more strength and stability, but the key difference is in how it operates. Unlike power clamps, which open and close in a single action, these clamps require a thread and handle to be put on. Although threads are designed to make the process go as quickly as possible, the activity nevertheless takes longer.


Sheet metal clamps

These types of clamps are similar to locking clamps, except they are specifically built for sheet metal. This clamp’s gripping mechanism is very wide, making it ideal for wide but flexible materials like sheet metal. It can be used for welding because of its unique design.

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Sliding clamps

Bar and F clamps are examples of these clamps. They have a big clamp hole, making them ideal for woodworking and larger projects. They come in a variety of lengths, including some that are fairly lengthy, allowing users to work on enormous projects. You place the project on the bar’s flat surface, then slide it up to seal the head and secure the project. Sliding clamps exist in a number of types and sizes, but they’re important for huge jobs.


Spring clamps

These are the smaller clamps that are actuated by a tension spring and are held in the hand. The spring ensures that they hold firm and do not move once fastened in place, offering the user a secure grasp. Their handles are covered with PVC to prevent injury while working with them, and they are frequently removable. You can use the tips for soldering if the PVC covers on the tips are removed. They’re used to hold the wire for beading and jewelry tasks or to clamp woodworking products together.


Step clamps

These types of clamps can be found in a variety of industries, although milling and machining are the most prevalent. They’re composed of metal with a polished appearance, and their edges resemble a set of steps, so they’re easy to spot. To secure the clamps in place, a step clamp will require bolts with clamps, clamp supports, and nuts. These are simple designs that are inexpensive to purchase and run but are extremely useful. To make step blocks operate properly, you’ll need to utilize step clamps.


Toggle clamps

Milling, woodworking, metalworking, and drilling are all frequent uses for these clamps, which are modest in size. They use a flat bar to keep the work in the proper place. It also has a forward-and-backward-moving handle that may be used to relax or tighten the grip. The clamp is controlled by the handle, which also has pins and levers to increase the force of pressure. When you apply pressure to an object, these pieces allow it to be held tightly so that it does not move or come apart.


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Trigger clamps

These types of clamps are robust and useful that adjust the head and jaws of the clamp with a trigger and may be operated with one hand. The clamp can be released quickly and easily because the trigger is controlled by a button or a lever. They can only be used with one hand due to the clamp’s design. They’re simple to use, sturdy, and dependable, and they’re common in workplaces, as well as in homes and gardens.

trigger clamp

Web or strap clamps

You’ll need a web clamp if you’re working on a frame. These types of clamps are commonly used in the furniture and woodworking industries. They use a ratchet to tighten a rope or linen belt that is tied around an object. They are used to secure a huge object before loading it onto a vehicle or holding it in place during construction. You can also use the tool with or without a corner grip piece to evenly distribute pressure and avoid damaging the item.


Wire rope clamps

Wire rope clamps are a smaller form of clamp that is used to secure a wire rope loop’s loose end to the rope. Everything is held together by a saddle and a few bolts. These bolts aid in the tightening or loosening of the clamp’s hold. Because of the limited application of this clamp, it is difficult to find in most retailers. If you want it, you’ll probably have to acquire these clamps so you can figure out what size wire rope you need.

wire rod clamp

That is all for this article, where various types of clamps and their functions are been discussed. I hope you get a lot from the reading, if so, kindly share with other students. Thanks for reading, see you around!