Industrial Engineering

Most common types of conveyor system

There are many different conveyor systems that can be used, as we briefly mentioned earlier. Which conveyor system you use or buy depends on what you need the conveyor system to do. In order to expedite travelers’ movement between two terminals at an airport, it would be preferable to utilize a belt conveyor rather than a roller conveyor, for instance.

In this article, the most common types of conveyors will be discussed.

conveyor-types

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What are the types of conveyors?

The following are the most common types of conveyors you can find in industries today:

  • Belt conveyor
  • Gravity roller conveyor
  • Chain conveyor
  • Motorized roller conveyor
  • Slat conveyor
  • Overhead trolley system
  • Monorail conveyor
  • Power and free conveyor
  • Inverted conveyor
  • Paternoster conveyor
  • Chute conveyor
  • Screw conveyor
  • Pneumatic conveyor
  • Vibratory conveyor

 

Belt conveyor

The most popular and basic type of conveyor, belt conveyors can run at different speeds. They use a moving belt that is supported by a steel frame, which also holds the materials being transported. Sliding style refers to those that have a supporting structure underneath. A roller belt style refers to a belt that is held in place by several closely spaced rollers.

Gravity roller conveyor

A series of similarly spaced rollers attached to a side frame make up gravity roller types of conveyors. A surface to place things on for movement is provided by the placement of the rollers. Materials move by gravity if a gravity roller conveyor is slanted or positioned at an angle.

While different-sized components can be loaded onto a gravity roller conveyor, operators must be careful to prevent larger materials from colliding with smaller ones. Shipping businesses employ gravity roller conveyors to load and unload trucks.

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Chain conveyor

The bottom of the goods to be moved can be in contact with two or more sets of chains on chain types of conveyors. As they are moved, the materials rest on the chains. For products with uneven bottom surfaces or ones that are quite heavy, chain-driven conveyors are the best option. Pallets can be put directly on the ones with heavy frames. Due to the types of things chain conveyors move, they run quite slowly.

Motorized roller conveyor

Rollers on motorized roller conveyors are spaced uniformly apart and are powered by motors that are mounted to the conveyor frame. With the inclusion of motors, the concept is comparable to a gravity conveyor. The system’s overall design and the load that needs to be transported will determine how many motors are needed.

A chain or belt may be used to link the rollers. To prevent parts from being packed together, some systems have a sensor that begins and stops the motor.

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Slat conveyor

With flat slats attached to the chain, slat types of conveyors are constructed similarly to chain conveyors. They resemble belt conveyors in certain aspects, but with slats in place of the belt.

The slats are perfect for assembly applications because of their extremely smooth surface, which guards against harm or damage to objects being transported. Slat conveyors may be loaded and unloaded utilizing robotic automation since the surface is smooth and free of obstacles.

Overhead trolley system

Overhead trolley track systems can be powered manually or by a motor. They can move parts through finishing processes, drying booths, or supply assembly lines using an enclosed track or “I” beam.

Monorail conveyor

Monorail types of conveying systems are perfect for use over large distances and have carriers to carry items. Signal wires from conductor lines inside the mounting rails provide electricity to the rails, which are hanging from the structure of the building. The region above the production area is used by monorail conveyors. In certain designs, the carriers descend to the production level before rising and moving out of the way.

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Power and free conveyor

Systems for power and free conveying are created to move parts during production and assembly. Moving from workstation to workstation, assembled items are put together. They carry on after stopping at each station for maintenance. A unique variation of the overhead conveying system is the power and free system.

Inverted conveyor

Conveyors that are inverted can be utilized as both free and powered conveyors; they are floor mounted. They often don’t use a belt or chain as part of their drive system.

Paternoster conveyor

Using load carriers that are equally spaced apart and a chain drive that moves in a continuous loop, paternoster conveyors are a type of vertical conveying system. Platform conveyors are another name for them.

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Chute conveyor

A straight, spiral, or circular frame with a smooth flat surface made of wood, metal, or plastic is what makes up a chute conveyor. Things slide down the surface.

Screw conveyor

Screw conveyors are used to transporting bulk commodities including chips, granular goods, and loose materials. A rotating helicoid on a shaft inside a pipe functions as the primary component of a screw conveyor. Auger, helix, and spiral conveyors are other names for screw conveyors. The material will be carried upward by the screw flights’ blades.

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Pneumatic conveyor

Bulk goods are transported using pneumatic conveyors, which pressurize a gas to force the material through a pipeline. Powders or granular materials are raised and pushed through the pipe when the pipeline’s pressure increases.

Vibratory conveyor

A vibrating conveyor is best for moving commodities like grains, different solids, freshly picked vegetables from a field, and quarried rocks along a conveying trough.

Through the use of vibration cycles, the agitations and continuous motion gently move the products. The design of each type of vibratory conveyor varies according to its intended use, with those produced for mining is very different from those made for harvesting and food production.

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In summary

With this article, now you can see there are different types of conveyors out there. However, the most common type of conveyor is the belt conveyor. That is all for this article, where the various types of conveyors are being discussed. I hope you learn a lot from the reading, if so, kindly share with others. Thanks for reading, see you around!