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Different types of engine layouts

Car Engine layouts

You may have been wondering what type engine mounted under your bonnet. Well some articles were published on engine type checkout below!

Car engine also differs in their cylinder layouts, making a specific engine design fit in a tight space. Engine cylinder layouts can also determine the working efficiency of the vehicle. These different types of engine layouts varies in their cylinder arrangements.

Types of engine layouts

The followings stated below are the different types of cylinder layouts.

1. Inline: an inline layout allows some components like radiator, battery, cooling system etc. to be fitted around the engine, due portability of the engine. These engine layouts is found mostly on small family cars and hatchbacks. Inline layout is known when the cylinders are arranged side-by-side in an upright position, perpendicular to the car.

2. Straight: the straight type of engine layouts are found mostly on powerful cars like BMW and Mercedes. The cylinders are arranged in line parallel to the car from front to back. The primary advantage of this arrangement is that it allows more cylinders to fit in.

3. Flat: in these types of engine layout, the cylinders are fitted horizontally, with two rows facing outwards. These engine layouts are rare as they are highly regarded for offering a low-centre of gravity within the engine bay. One of the largest manufacturers of flat cylinder engines is Porsche, who use a flat-six engine in their legendary 911 sports car.

4. V: the v type of engine are mostly found on supercars and some premium vehicles. Its cylinders are mounted at angle 60° on their side, with two rows facing outwards. The base of the cylinders is connected to a crankshaft. The V shape is seen when the engine is viewed from the front. The good news is that, the engine layout have space for more cylinders.

I hope you’ve got a lot reading the article and found it useful. If so, kindly comment and share with other on social  media. Thanks!


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