Different types of forging operations

Forging operations are tasks that must be carried out during the forging process before an object can be perfectly forged, these operations are of different types. I guess that’s our purpose here, so let get into it!

Types of forging operations

The following explained below are operations carried out in forging:


These forging operations are done to increase the cross-sectional area of the workpiece to expand the length. The force is applied in a parallel direction of the long axis. A good example of an upsetting operation is a bolt head.

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Types of forging operations


These types of forging operations are carried out to make the metal longer by pulling and stretching in the cross-sectional area. The force is applied in a perpendicular direction to the length axis.

Types of forging operations


Bending operation is the most common and easiest forging. It is done to give a turn a shape to a metal rod or plate.

Bending forging operation

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fullering are forging operations done by keeping the bottom fuller in an angle hole with the heated metal placed on it, the top filler is then placed above the metal, force is applied through the top filler using a sledgehammer.

Fullering forging operations


This forging operation is carried out by striking or forcing the metal plate into the desired shape. The workpiece is forced between two die edges.

Edging forging operations

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Cutting is a forging operation is carried out when metal is needed to be cut apart. The operation is done when the metal is in red hot condition using a chisel and hammer.


This forging operation is done to reduce the finished work into desired size and shape, usually either round or hexagon. Bottom swage is used for small jobs while large jobs are performed by swage block.

Types of forging operations

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Forge welding:

These types of forging operations are performed when two pieces of metal need to be joined to increase the length. The operation is done by pressing or hammering the workpiece edge by edge still it adhered.

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This forging operation is done to produce holes one the workpiece. The workpiece is placed on a hollow cylindrical die, placing the punch to the area that a hole is required.

Punching forging operations

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Flatting and setting down:

Flatting and setting down are done to obtain a smooth surface with the use of a flatter or set hammer. This operation is done after fullering leaves a corrugated surface of the metal, or after the workpiece is forged into shape with a hammer.

Flatting and setting down forging operations

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That is all for this article, different types of forging operations. I hope you got a lot from this post, if so, kindly share it with other students. Thanks for reading, see you next time!

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