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Types of grinding machine and their working

Due to the fact that there are various operations performed on a grinding machine, the availability of different types has aided their achievement and effectiveness. Some special types of grinders specifically design for the effectiveness of an operation.

Today we’ll be looking at the different types of grinding machine and their functions.

Types of grinding machine:

The following represent the different types of grinding machine:

Floor or bench grinder:

This is a small type of machine used in the workshops or labs to grind small workpieces. It is often used to sharpen lathe machine cutting tool and drill bits for drilling machines as well as small workpieces. As it is named, the machine is mounted on the floor or bench.

Read: Types of slotter machine and their specifications

Potable grinder:

The portable grinders are not fixed at one point, it is often used in all fabrication process. it can be used at any position, giving the operator suitability of different grinding side. It is one of the most used grinding machines and it is often used for cutting tile.

Abrasive grinder:

The abrasive grinder is a special type of grinder but is quite similar to other types. well, an abrasive grinder is used while cutting and finishing jobs. However, it is more expensive than the floor and a portable grinder.

Swing-Frame grinder:

The swing frame type of grinding machine required a skilful and well-experienced worker due to the fact that it is complicated. It is designed for heavy workpiece and serious care must be taken while using it.

Surface grinder:

A surface grinder features different component such as the abrasive wheel, a chuck (a workpiece holding device) and a rotary table. The chuck holds the workpiece in place and the wheel and object are rotated to produce a smooth finish.

Cylindrical grinders:

This type is used for shaping the outside of workpieces, making it suitable work jobs with a variety of shapes as long as they can rotate through a central axis. The workpiece and the grinding wheel rotates simultaneously in cylindrical grinders.


Types of cylindrical grinders include outside diameter internal diameter and centerless grinders.

Centerless grinders:

This is a type of cylindrical grinder that uses two rotary wheels to secure the workpiece in place. It does not make use of a spindle-like the centred grinder. The rotation speed of the wheels is determined by the rate of material to be removed.

Tool and Cutter grinders:

This type of grinding machine makes use of a CNC machine tool with up to 5 axes and multiple grinding wheels. The device is used for sharpening and producing milling cutters like drills, step tools and endmills. It also widely used for producing tools used in woodworking and metal cutting industries.

Read: Different types of milling machine

That’s it for this article, different types of grinders and their uses. I hope you enjoyed the reading, if so, kindly comment, share and check some other interesting post below. Thanks!

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