What is a vice?
A vice is a mechanical device that is used in the engineering field to hold a workpiece rigid at a stationary position. It is used in different area and field such as woodworking, metalworking, mechanical engineer etc. due to its wide applications.
Vice is attached to bench, hence named, bench vice or workbench vice. bench-vice are attached to a bench in order to be easily accessible and to give operators comfort while using the vice.
It is not necessary for a bench vice to be attached to the workbench as long as the working surface is stable. It can be installed either directly to the surface or the side. The one’s install directly to the top of a surface contains, enabling the vice to rotate as required.
A vice is made of metal entirely, for this reason, linings in the jaws are made with wood or similar materials. This assists the integrity of the workpiece. Jaws are replaceable if worn-out over time.
Bench vices vary according to their application, strength and durability i.e. medium-duty and heavy-duty vices are common for industrial use. Well, bench vices can function as an anvil.
Types of vice are used to perform different operations such as planning, sawing, drilling etc. Now you can see bench vice is one of the most essential pieces of equipment that must be seen in the workshop.
Due to the broad use of vices, today I will expose the different types to vice and their applications. Keep on reading!
Various applications of vices
The following stated below are the types of vice and their applications;
A Vice used in this condition is in a woodworking shop. These types of vice consist of jaws, one helps to secure workpiece and the second jaw move against the other in order to hold the object firmly.
A screw mechanism allows the movement of the jaw. Woodwork vice is typically made of metal, wood or plastic. Depending on the specific application.
These types of vice are also known as engineer’s vice or machinist vice. Instead of wood, it holds the metal piece in place in this situation. A metalworking vice is sometimes made of cast steel but mostly made of cast iron, making its channel bar with steel. Cast iron is used because it is strong, rigid and inexpensive.
Operations done with metalworking vice is usually cutting and filing. Jaws in this vice are often separated in the piece so that they can be replaceable. For delicate work, the jaws are covered with a soft layer such as aluminium, copper, wood or plastic. This is done to protect the material.
Metalwork vice is often bolted on a workbench, with the face of the jaws jutting out a little over the front edge. The vices may also have small anvil behind the vice bodies. However, they are often available in swivel base.
The heavy-duty bench vice often made from iron in order to withstand heavy applications applied to it. it parts include separated steel jaws, ACME-threaded main screw and a precision slide bar. Heavy-duty bench vices are available in the stationary stand or feature a 360-degree swivel. This vice is also referred to as machinist’s vices.
Medium duty bench vices:
This vice is closely related to the one of heavy-duty bench vice. It is made of iron and also gives the chance of replacing its steel top jaws. Some of these types of jaws also feature 360-degree swivel and a built-in anvil.
The yoke vice is known as a hinged vice or adjustable jaw vice, it uses a screw to clamp the pipe in place. A fixed V-shaped lower jaw and moveable upper jaw hold lengths of pipe firmly. These jaws are serrated for proper gripping of the object.
The vice is used in plumbing job to hold pipes or secure tubing when cutting or threading. It is designed to hold pipes in small diameter as small as 3mm or as large as 200 mm. it may be fitted on a workbench or used with a mobile tripod stand. The stand is generally used for projects to be performed outside the workshop, they are portable, easy to transport. It can also be combined in two or more for long lengths of pipe.
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A chain vice uses a chain to secure the pipe. The pipe is held in a v-shaped by the chain clamping around the pipe tightly. This chain is made of high-tensile steel, making it to work well with irregular shaped pipes or other objects. The chain vice tends to have a larger working range and capacity because the length of the chain limits the working range of the vice. The large clamping surface of the chain determines the entire circumference of the pipe can hold securely. One of the greater disadvantages of this vice is that securing a pipe in place with a chain pipe vice takes more time than other vices. This is because the chain must be carefully threaded between the jaws of the tool to clamp the pipe firmly in place.
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