Home - Automobile - Understanding wheel balancing and wheel alignment

Understanding wheel balancing and wheel alignment

Wheel balance and alignment are two treatments that can help your car run more smoothly. Without these treatments, your car’s wheels are at risk of being unbalanced and pointing in the wrong way.

However, many individuals misinterpret or mix up the terms wheel alignment and wheel balancing. Thankfully, this essay will assist you in resolving this misunderstanding. We’ll look at the differences between wheel balancing and alignment, as well as the benefits of each.

wheel balancing and alignment


Read more: Understanding tube and tubeless tires


What is wheel balancing?

It has to do with the proper balancing of your vehicle’s wheels, as the name “balancing” implies. To put it another way, this method is used to equalize the weight of your car’s wheel assembly and tires. To roll without stumbling, your wheels must be equally balanced.

This, however, offers a dilemma. Even with today’s design and technology, creating an all-around balanced tire or wheel is a near-impossibility. As a result of the unequal weight distribution, some sections of your vehicle’s wheels may be heavier or lighter. When your automobile is moving, this causes the steering wheel to vibrate. Wheel balance, fortunately, is a remedy to this problem. It makes use of high-precision technology that spins each tire and wheel in quest of the wheel’s heavier component.

The technician will use bonding cement to enhance the weight of the lighter components as soon as they find the heavier part of the wheel. As a result, they are balanced.

What is wheel alignment?

Wheel alignment is similar to wheel balancing in that it involves your car’s suspension system (the mechanism that connects the car to its wheels). The direction and angle your wheels roll in are determined by your vehicle’s suspension system.

This means that wheel alignment services are only required if your wheels are misaligned. To summarize, unlike wheel balancing, wheel alignment does not involve making changes to your vehicle’s wheels. Rather, it is a modification to your vehicle’s suspension system.

How Rebalancing of tires is done

The wheel-tire unit is placed on a tire balancing machine, which takes measurements to locate lighter or heavier locations and makes modifications to account for these weight discrepancies. It’s ideal to do it when your tires are rotated, both for convenience and because you might have a tire out of balance on the back of your vehicle that you won’t notice until it’s moved to the front. The following steps describe this process:

  1. A tire balancing machine is attached to a tire mounted on a wheel.
  2. While vibration measurements are taken, the wheel is spun. This informs the technician if the weight is distributed evenly, how much weight to add, and where to attach it to the wheel.
  3. The technician may be able to rebalance and alter the weights if an imbalance is discovered (adding more). However, the specialist may need to adjust the tire on the wheel and then rebalance it. This is due to the fact that a heavy spot on the wheel and a heavy spot on the tire can sometimes line up, resulting in a bigger imbalance that must be adjusted.


Read more: Different Types of Automobile Suspension Springs


How Long Does Wheel Alignment And Balancing Take?

The process of wheel balance or alignment is not time-consuming. The process of balancing your wheels takes about 30-60 minutes. Several factors, though, can influence how long it takes to balance your wheels. They include the type of terrain you travel on, your driving style, and the condition of your tires. To hit the nail on the head, balancing a wheel in bad shape would take longer.

When compared to wheel balancing, getting your wheels aligned takes around an hour. Also, whether you drive a two-wheel drive or four-wheel drive vehicle, the time is the same. It’s worth noting that some sections of your vehicle’s suspension system may need to be replaced if they’re severely damaged. This means you’ll devote more time to it.

Cost of Wheel Balancing Vs Alignment

The cost of a wheel alignment is determined by the type of vehicle and the garage where it is performed. The cost of aligning all four wheels ranges from $100 to $200 on average. A 4-wheel balancing service, on the other hand, can cost anywhere from $40 to $100.

Signs your car needs wheel balancing or alignment

There are signs and symptoms for any condition, and wheel balancing and alignment are no exception. Here are some of the indicators that your wheels need to be balanced. However, If you notice vibrations coming from your car’s steering system, it means your front wheels are unbalanced. If the vibrations originate from the vehicle’s seat, it’s a sign that your rear wheels are out of balance. External events such as striking a pothole or hitting a curb might also cause an imbalanced wheel. Some other issues may be due to:

  • Premature and uneven tread wear
  • Shaking/vibrations in your seat
  • Shaking/vibrations of the steering wheel
  • Vibrations in your vehicle’s floorboard

The symptoms of a misaligned wheel are more obvious than those of wheel balancing. These signs are provided below:

  • Uneven and premature wear
  • Your car’s steering wheel tilts off-center when driving
  • Increased vibrations from the steering wheel when accelerating
  • Your vehicle is pulled towards one side of the road


Read more: Understanding Car Dashboard Lights and Indicators

Join our Newsletter


Watch the video below to learn the working of wheel alignment vs balancing:

Benefits of Wheel Balancing Vs Alignment

Wheel Balancing:

One big advantage of getting your wheels balanced is that it eliminates the possibility of premature tire wear. It also increases the lifespan of your wheels/tires while improving their performance. To reap the full benefits of wheel balancing, experts recommend doing it every 5,000 to 6,000 miles. Here are a few more advantages of having a balanced wheel:

  • Rides that are smoother and safer
  • Tire wear is reduced.
  • The drivetrain isn’t put under as much stress.
  • Suspension protection

Wheel Alignment

Technicians recommend inspecting your car’s wheel alignment every 6,000 miles or twice yearly, similar to wheel balancing. The following are some of the advantages of wheel alignment:

  • Improved vehicle maneuverability
  • Fuel economy and efficiency are improved.
  • Longer life span
  • Damage to other components is reduced (misaligned wheels can damage other parts of the wheel assembly)


Wheel balance and alignment are two essential maintenance procedures that no automobile owner can do without in the long run. The advantages of balancing and aligning your wheels are numerous, ranging from safer rides to a longer lifespan. That is all for this article, where meaning, working, benefits, and signs of wheel alignment and balancing are been discussed.

I hope you learned a lot from the reading, kindly share it with others. Thanks for reading, see you around!