Various types of Wood finishes serve as protection and polish to wood surfaces it makes it appear appealing, richer and deeper. It also safe the wood from contamination. Selecting a wood finish, one has to be knowledgeable on the topic “Wood Finishing” by knowing the finishing products that makes job shine or the matte appearance. One must consider is the application of the job and its durability. These are some factors of considering before choosing wood finishing products.
Today we’ll be looking at the different types of wood finishes and wood finishing products out there.
Types of wood finishes:
The following represent the different types of wood finishes and wood finishing products used on wood materials:
Wax has an extreme feature as it’s easy to use and apply. It is shiny in nature but it provides minimal protection. These types of wood finishes are easy to remove, making it a fairly noncommittal finish selection.
Shellac is a clear finish product which provides a substrate with moderate water protection and effective protection against solvents. Some shellac type is yellowish tint. The coating is durable which does not require reapplication. Shellacs are compatible with other coatings and acts as an effective base layer. Although the application technique can be complicated wax, shellac can be completely clean using alcohol.
The lacquer creates a hard-glossy finish to a substrate. It also provides good protection and has strong durability. The finish contains several toxic solvents in its mixture. It is applied on wood surfaces by spraying which releases some toxins into the air. This is why the sprayer shoulder covers his/her nose to prevent inhaling the toxic fumes. The brush is used as an alternative method of applying the finishes. It can also be clean off like wax and shellac.
Read: Everything you need to know about wood finishing
The water-based polyurethane produces a clear coating without the plastic look. The wood finish works well on products that are exposed to UV and are safer to use than the varnish. The coating dries fast that is why it suitably applied with spraying application and not brush. The curing occurs the same way as vanish and can also be removed with a paint remover.
Oil wood finishes:
The oil finishes such as linseed and Tung oil which are used to accentuate the wood’s grain. They provide the wood with a warm glow and increase in durability when layered. However, they do not provide much protection. Their application is quite easy, but the drying takes 12 hours or longer. Oil-based finishes can be removed by sanding the substrate because the wood absorbs the oil.
The conversion types of finishes are just like lacquer as they both result in hard, glossy finishes and are durable. Their application methods are also similar and both cases require protection against toxins. The conversion varnish is applied in shops that use specialized spraying equipment. The coating can resist an array of substances, providing strong substrate protection.
This varnish delivers a clear coating to wood surfaces. It provides strong protection when multiple layers can give a substrate a plastic-type of finish. The coating is relatively safe due to its solvent are petroleum-based. The coating is difficult to apply and requires 30 days curing period. Paint removers work effectively on removing the coating, and the coating is durable after the curing period.
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