Industrial Engineering

Understanding conveyor system

A conveyor system is a type of mechanical handling equipment that transports things from one place to another is a conveyor system. Conveyors are particularly helpful in situations when large or bulky materials need to be transported. The systems’ ability to convey a wide range of products quickly and effectively makes them particularly well-liked in the packaging and material handling sectors.

In another word, a typical type of mechanical handling equipment that transports things from one place to another is a conveyor system. Conveyors are particularly helpful in situations when large or bulky materials need to be transported. Well, in this article, the following questions will be discussed:

  1. What is a conveyor system?
  2. What are the applications of conveyors?
  3. How does a conveyor work?
  4. What are the types of conveyor systems?
  5. What are the benefits of using conveyors?

So, let’s dive in!

understanding conveyor system

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What is a conveyor system?

Just as earlier mentioned, a mechanical handling device for quickly and effectively moving loads and materials automatically around space is a conveyor system. To move objects, a conveyor system may employ a belt, wheels, rollers, or a chain. A typical type of mechanical handling equipment that transports things from one place to another is a conveyor system. Conveyors are particularly helpful in situations when large or bulky materials need to be transported.

Conveyor systems are highly well-liked in the material handling and packaging industries because they enable the speedy and effective conveyance of a wide range of products. Since they are frequently seen at supermarkets and airports and serve as the last stop before an item or bag is delivered to a customer, they also have widespread consumer applications.

What are the applications of conveyors?

Using a conveyor, a wide range of goods can be transported, some of the most popular ones are food products like beans and nuts, bottles and cans, automobile parts, scrap metal, medicines and powders, wood and furniture, grain, and animal feed. Other typical materials include automotive components. When choosing a conveyor system, there are many aspects to consider. It is crucial to be aware of the conveyor system’s intended application in advance. The necessary conveyor activities, such as transport, accumulation, and sorting; the material sizes, weights, and shapes; and the locations of the loading and pickup stations are a few particular considerations that are useful.  Conveyor systems are commonly used in many industries, including

  • Mining
  • Automotive
  • Agricultural
  • Computer
  • Electronic
  • Food processing
  • Aerospace
  • Pharmaceutical
  • Chemicals 
  • Bottling and Canning
  • Print Finishing
  • Packaging

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How does a conveyor work?

conveyor systems

A belt is typically stretched across two or more pulleys in conveyor systems. To enable continuous rotation, the belt creates a closed loop around the pulleys. One pulley referred to as the driving pulley, tows or drives the belt that transports objects from one place to another.

The drive pulley and belt are powered by a rotor in the majority of conveyor system configurations. The friction between the two surfaces keeps the belt fastened to the rotor. The driving pulley and idler must rotate in the same direction, either clockwise or counterclockwise, for the belt to move efficiently in that direction.

Although typical conveyor systems, like those seen in moving walkways and grocery stores, are straight, there are occasions when the unit must turn to deliver the items to their intended position. Unique cone-shaped wheels or rotors are used for the turns so that the belt may follow a bend or twist without becoming tangled.

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Watch the video below to learn how a conveyor system work:

What are the types of conveyor systems?

There are many different conveying system types that can be utilized depending on the requirements of various sectors. Additionally, there are floor- and ceiling-mounted chain conveyors. Chain conveyors are made up of hand-pushed trolleys, I-Beam, towlines, power and free tracks, and enclosed tracks.

There are many different conveyor systems that can be used, as we briefly mentioned earlier. Which conveyor system you use or buy depends on what you need the conveyor system to do. In order to expedite travelers’ movement between two terminals at an airport, it would be preferable to utilize a belt conveyor rather than a roller conveyor, for instance. The following are the most common types of conveyor systems you can find in industries today:

  • Aero-mechanical conveyor
  • Automotive conveyor
  • Belt conveyor
  • Belt-driven live roller conveyor
  • Bucket conveyor
  • Chain conveyor
  • Chain-driven live roller conveyor
  • Drag conveyor
  • Dust-proof conveyor
  • Electric track vehicle system
  • Flexible conveyor
  • Gravity conveyor
  • Gravity skatewheel conveyor
  • Lineshaft roller conveyor
  • Motorized-drive roller conveyor
  • Overhead I-beam conveyor
  • Overland conveyor
  • Pharmaceutical conveyor
  • Plastic belt conveyor
  • Pneumatic conveyor
  • Screw or auger conveyor
  • Spiral conveyor
  • Tube chain conveyor
  • Tubular Gallery conveyor
  • Vacuum conveyor
  • Vertical conveyor
  • Vibrating conveyor
  • Walking Beam
  • Wire mesh conveyor


Read more: Most common types of conveyor system

What are the benefits of using conveyors?

The followings are the benefits of using a conveyor system:

  • Elevated conveyors are used to carrying products safely from one level to another
  • Conveyors can be deployed in most circumstances, and because of automation, fail-safes, and safeguards, they frequently add value and raise worker safety.
  • Conveyors can transfer large numbers of goods in a variety of forms, weights, and sizes.
  • possess cutting-edge safety features that shield users from harm and increase system throughput
  • There are several ways to operate the conveying systems, including hydraulic, mechanical, and completely automated systems that can be customized to each user’s demands. Among other advantages, the conveyor system minimizes human error, lowers workplace risks, and lowers labor expenses. They are helpful for transporting large or heavy objects from one place to another.


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What is a conveyor machine used for?

Moving objects from one place to another is the primary function of a conveyor system. The structure enables the movement of items that are too big or heavy for people to handle by hand. When moving products between locations, conveyor systems reduce the amount of time required.

What are a conveyor and their types?

Belt, roller, motorized roller, and overhead conveyors are examples of common types. They fall into one of two categories: overhead or floor style (installed on the floor). Utilize them to deliver products in order for a production line, move products, and build buffers.

What is the conveyor principle?

Two motorized pulleys that loop over a lengthy section of robust, thick material are how a conveyor belt operates. The belt moves between the two when the motors in the pulleys spin in the same direction and at the same speed.

Is conveyor belt machinery?

Mechanical assemblies or devices known as conveyor systems efficiently carry stuff. Conveyor systems come in a variety of shapes and sizes, but they all typically consist of a frame that holds a belt, wheels, rollers, or some combination of the three.

What are the types of conveyors?

Here are seven basic types of industrial conveyors and what you can expect from them.
  • Screw (Auger) Conveyors.
  • Aero-Mechanical Conveyors.
  • Bucket Elevators.
  • Pneumatic Conveyors.
  • Belt Conveyors.
  • Chain Conveyors.
  • Cable Conveyors.
  • Ideal Conveyor System.

Where are conveyors used?

The mining, automotive, agricultural, food and beverage, bottling, manufacturing, warehouse and logistics, and packaging industries all frequently use conveyor systems. Thanks to the many conveyor belts that you may purchase to handle various loads and materials, all kinds of materials are transported.

Which motor is used in conveyors?

For conveyor systems that run constantly in one direction, AC induction motors are the best option. There are numerous AC motors with power-off activated electromagnetic brakes that are suitable for vertical applications or conveyor systems where the load must be maintained in place.

How many types of conveyors are available?

Conveyors can be divided into two categories: powered and gravity. Typically, powered conveyors manipulate the conveyor surface with an external power source to keep the items on the conveyor moving.

Which conveyor belt is best?

High heat resistance, heavy impact resistance, and extreme durability all characterize nylon belts. In the case of a hybrid conveyor belt, it also adheres effectively to rubber. It also has a lower mildew susceptibility than other fabrics. Polyester: Conveyor belts are sometimes made of polyester, another synthetic material.

What are the 8 types of conveyor belts?

8 Basic Types of Conveyor Belts
  • Roller Bed Conveyor Belts.
  • Flat Belt Conveyors.
  • Modular Belt Conveyors.
  • Cleated Belt Conveyors.
  • Curved Belt Conveyors.
  • Incline/Decline Belt Conveyors.
  • Sanitary and Washdown Conveyors.
  • Specialty Conveyor Belts.



The conveyor system as the name implies serves the purpose of transferring goods or items from one place to another or from one height to another in the case of an elevation conveyor. Industries like the agricultural sector, aerospace, construction, production engineering, etc. make good use of this equipment. That is all for this article, where the following questions are being answered:

  1. What is a conveyor system?
  2. How does a conveyor work?
  3. What are the types of conveyor systems?
  4. What are the benefits of using conveyors?

I hope you learn a lot from the reading, if so, kindly share with others. Thanks for reading, see you around!