Most common names of car body parts and their functions

Most common names of car body parts and their functions

An automobile is a four-wheeled, motorized conveyance used by individuals to travel between locations (transportation). Cars typically have four wheels, seat one to eight people, and are primarily used to transport individuals rather than commodities.

The following is a list of produced automobile parts, primarily for internal combustion engine vehicles. Similar to how human body parts complete us, a car’s body parts are essential to its operation. A car cannot exist without them. Have you ever wondered what the names of the parts in your car’s engine were? You will examine the main parts of an automobile in this post and discover not only what each element is called but also what it does.


Names of car body Parts

The following are the names of car body parts and their functions:

  • Body shell
  • Bumper grille
  • Cowl panel
  • Crash guard or bullbar
  • Dashboard
  • Doors
  • Door handle
  • Front bumper
  • Fog lamp
  • Fender
  • Fender liners
  • Headlight
  • Hubcap
  • Hood or bonnet
  • Indicator lights
  • Mud flaps
  • Mirrors
  • Number plate
  • Quarter panel
  • Quarter window
  • Rear bumper
  • Roof
  • Radiator supports
  • Sunroof
  • Tail lights
  • Trunk
  • Wiper
  • Window glass
  • Wheels

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Body shell

The body (plural bodies) is the primary structure of a motor vehicle, resting on the chassis and housing the electrical and mechanical components as well as the seats. In other words, it is the structural core of the car is its body shell. It is made to support the weight of all the car’s parts and can even support the weight of the occupants.

Bumper grille

Bumper grille

These car body parts prevent scratches and scrapes on your car. You can safely protect your car’s bumper with some fantastic guards or guards that are readily accessible in the market, but you cannot completely eliminate this danger. The front body of a car is covered by the bumper grille, which keeps the engine cool. Your car draws air through the grille when you’re driving, which assists in ventilating the engine bay.

The radiator of the car is primarily protected by it, and cold air can enter. In addition to the front, they are also found in the front wheels for cooling the brakes, in the cowl for ventilation in the interior, or on the back trunk lid in vehicles with rear engines.

Cowl panel

Cowl panels are essential components of a car’s body. These are utilized as a cover to close the space between the car’s hood and windshield. Additionally, it supports the dashboard and makes sure that no foreign objects enter the cabin filter area or the windshield wiper system.

Crash guard or bullbar

Crash guard or bullbar

The front frame or chassis of the car is where the crash guards are attached. This is typically found on SUVs to shield them from harm in the event of an accident. These are the vital components of an automobile’s body that are crucial to keeping the car moving after a collision. These may effectively protect the front end of the car and are normally composed of heavy-duty steel. Additionally, the design of this addition gives your car a fashionable appearance while still offering true protection.


A dashboard is a control panel found in the center console of a car or small airplane. It is also referred to as an instrument panel (IP), bezel, or dashboard. It shows the instruments and controls needed to operate the vehicle and is typically placed directly in front of the driver (or pilot).

The driver’s tools and controls for operating the car are displayed on the dashboard. It contains straightforward controls (such as a steering wheel) and a variety of gauges to display information about speed, fuel level, and oil pressure. Information, climate control, and entertainment systems are typically found in modern models.



A door is a specific kind of structure that often has a hinge on the outside of a car. Sometimes it is connected to additional devices, such as a track for getting in and out of the car. The majority of individuals may not be aware of the various types of automobile doors that are available.

Doors frequently have windows so that passengers can see outside the car, and they can be secured to keep the car secure. These can be controlled manually or with the use of the vehicle’s power. Power doors are a common feature of luxury cars, modified cars, and minivans.

Door handle

These car body parts make it easier for the driver or passengers to enter or exit the vehicle. The most crucial part is the door handle because it has a door lock. Typically, we use the door handle from either inside or outside the automobile to unlock it. Depending on the model of the car, many door handles are available.

Front and rear bumper

These car body parts are bars that reduce a car’s impact on an object. If a sudden collision occurs, the front bumper’s job is to protect your car. To avoid severe harm to the driver, the car, and the passengers in this situation, it absorbs the majority of the impact during low-speed collisions. The same applies to the rear bumper.

Fog lamp

Fog lamp

Fog lamps are designed to provide brightness when visibility is less than 100 meters. They aid in illuminating the area beneath the fog so that you can see the road surface and shield you from any more fog rays. All vehicles are obliged by law to have rear fog lights. Only a few models feature fog lights, which are typically added as a cosmetic touch to vehicles with higher specs. Daytime running lights (DRLs) are standard equipment on all new cars, which should help ensure that the vehicle is seen on the road.



The part of a car, motorcycle, or other vehicle’s body that frames a wheel arch is referred to in America as a fender (the underside of the fender). Its major function is to stop the revolving tire from launching debris including sand, mud, stones, liquids, and other roadway sprays into the air.

This car body part is a curving portion of the car that rests on top of the wheels and secures them there. In addition to being a safety feature, it also improves the way your car looks overall. Its main purpose is to shield and protect the passenger compartments by keeping the revolving tire from spraying sand, dirt, gravel, liquids, and other road debris into the air.

Fender liners

Fender liners

Fender liners have the purpose of preventing harmful contaminants from entering the engine compartment and causing major harm such as dirt, mud, water, environmental poisons, and other impurities. This car body part also aids in preventing corrosion of the cables and other parts inside the wheel well. It is not advised to drive a car without a fender liner since it serves as both a divider and a cushion between the engine, hood, radiator, headlights, and windshield of your car.



Car headlights’ main purpose is to illuminate the road so that you may drive safely and without getting tired. Headlights come in two varieties: low beams and high beams. The vehicle’s front end is where these headlights are mounted. In addition to letting the driver see the road in the dark, they serve as a warning to other motorists that a car is present. Each type of light used in automobiles has a specific purpose.


The center portion of the wheel is covered with a decorative disc on an automobile wheel. The wheel hub and wheel fasteners are covered by the hubcap in order to prevent dirt and moisture from collecting. Additionally, it improves the wheel’s general structure. All types of dirt and debris get stuck in the tires when you drive without a hub cover, which can cause tire wear and tear. Foreign objects are prevented from damaging your wheels and extending their lifespan by using a hubcap.

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Hood or bonnet

Hood or bonnet

This car body part is referred to as a hood, sometimes called a bonnet in some other countries. The objective is to make the engine accessible for upkeep and repairs. The hood is usually secured in place using a covert latch. This car body part is made with a thin sheet cover hinged and sits on top of the engine in cars. In addition to many others, it covers the engine, battery, coolant, windscreen fluid, cooling fan, compressor, and alternator.

For maintenance and repairs, direct access to the engine compartment is made possible by the hood. Additionally, it shields these components from the sun’s rays and dust. When you want to view inside your automobile, the hood is frequently employed with a concealed clasp to hold it firmly in place.

Indicator lights

These car body parts may be found at the front, back, or occasionally even on the left and right sides of the vehicle. Indicator lights are available in red, and orange and some are white in color. These are used to signal the desired direction change, such as turning left or right or entering traffic. To give other drivers adequate time to respond and adjust to your signal, you must employ them at the appropriate moment.

Mud flaps

Getting a mud flap for your vehicle is essential, regardless of whether you drive a sedan, SUV, or truck. The undercarriage of the automobile, which is vulnerable to corrosion and rust, is one of the sensitive areas that this automotive accessory helps shield from dirt and filth. Mudflaps are also referred to as splash guards or mudguards.



In cars, side-view mirrors and rear-view mirrors are the two most common types of mirrors. Wing mirrors are another name for side-view mirrors. These mirrors are found on the outside of automobiles to aid the driver in seeing objects that are in front of, to the sides of, or beyond the vehicle. Additionally, it will warn the driver of possible accidents that may occur from behind. Convex side mirrors have the benefit of giving you a larger view of each side of the vehicle, which helps decrease blind spots.

The read-view mirrors, on the other hand, provide a variety of uses that contribute to your safety as a driver. By enabling you to view behind your car without turning your head, it helps you drive more attentively. Additionally, they are crucial while a vehicle is in reverse gear.

Number Plate

Every vehicle must have a number plate because of the government’s Motor Vehicle Act. The number plate has four crucial components that together show the vehicle’s very particular information. Additionally, it provides the car with a distinctive personality. Nowadays, it is preferred that all on-road cars show registration on both their front and back sides.

Quarter panel

Quarter panel

A wheel well, the space between the door and the trunk lid, or the space between the door and the hood typically have this side piece of the car’s body wrapped around it. It supports the rear fenders/bumpers, the trunk of the automobile, and other rear panels, including the back panel.

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Quarter window

This part of a car body is a kind of side window that is placed in front of or behind the glass of the front or back doors. The fixed quarter window in some models may be mounted on the “C-pillar” or corner of the car. They give the driver a brief glimpse of the road ahead so they can safely turn, accelerate, park, or change lanes. These windows can frequently be found on older cars. These are smaller than the main window and have a frontal triangle form.


The part of a car that rests on top of the passenger area and provides protection from the sun, wind, rain, and other elements is called the roof. Headliners, which insulate against heat and noise and also cover the cables and hardware for electrical parts, antennas, and other accessories, are frequently used to cover automobile ceilings.

Radiator supports

Radiator support is the term for the mechanism that mounts and supports the car radiator. It is a steel, plastic, or aluminum frame that holds the radiator under the hood of the car to shield it from harm. In order to protect them from damage while the automobile is running, it also contains the cooling fan system and condenser assembly.


The sunroof provides passengers with a clear view of the sky, keeps the vehicle air-conditioned, and lets sunshine inside, giving the impression of space. A car’s roof may include a panel like this that slides out or can be pushed out to let light in. Due to the additional costs associated with all the systems used to operate the sunroof, these are rather pricey. Because the rubber, glass, motor, and all other components need regular maintenance, they are also high maintenance.

Tail lights

These parts of a car’s body serve as a safety device. These lights make your car visible in low-light situations and let other drivers know that you’re slowing down. The brake light is often brighter red than the tail light on most cars. When the parking brake is engaged or the headlights are turned on, the taillights remain on. When you pump the brakes, the brake light will turn on instantly. Therefore, the brake light and tail lights are different.


The main storage or luggage area of a car, which is frequently found at the back of a sedan, coupe, or convertible, is the trunk lid. A car’s trunk should be used for actual cargo transportation rather than just for storage. It needs to be cleaned frequently because it is a crucial storage area. Also, keep in mind that the engine will use more fuel if you load more luggage.


In order for the driver to see what is in front of them, wipers are used to clear snow, water, and/or debris from the front window of the car. When it’s raining, they come in quite handy because water drops on the windshield constantly reduce the driver’s visibility, which can result in serious accidents. They are made of degradable rubber, which loses its effectiveness with time. It’s crucial to change them every six to twelve months because of this.

Window glass

This car body part’s main objective is to increase visibility. The visibility that the glass controls is quite helpful whether you are looking out the front, side, or back of the car. Passengers can see where they’re going through the glass, which also lets in artificial or natural street lighting. Single-layer toughened glass or laminated safety glass are the two types of window glass that are typically utilized.


The wheels are the most fundamental and significant components of an automobile body that have always been in use. The car is moved from one location to another by these circular formations, which produce rotary motion.


What are the body parts of a car?

Body components, including trim
  • Bonnet/hood. Bonnet/hood. Car cover. Support stick. Hinges and springs.
  • Bumper. Unexposed bumper. Exposed bumper.
  • Cowl screen.
  • Decklid.
  • Fender (wing or mudguard)
  • fascia.
  • Grille (also called grill)
  • Pillar and hard trim.

What are the 5 parts of a car?

  • Engine.
  • Transmission.
  • Battery.
  • Alternator.
  • Radiator.
  • Front Axle.
  • Front Steering and Suspension.
  • Brakes.

What are the parts of cars called?

The wheels are the most fundamental and significant components of a car body that have always been in use. The car is moved from one location to another by these circular formations, which produce rotary motion.

What is the main body of a car called?

Similar to an organism’s skeleton, a motor vehicle’s frame, often previously referred to as its chassis, is the fundamental supporting framework to which all other components are linked.

Read more: Most essential names of car parts and their functions

How many parts are in a car body?

A single car has roughly 30,000 parts when all of the tiniest screws, nuts, and bolts are included. While many of these parts are made by suppliers, the manufacturer makes some of them as well.

What is a front bumper called?

The front fascia sometimes referred to as the bumper cover, is a visible, molded body part that is typically constructed of fiberglass or plastic. People frequently mistake this portion of the front end for the actual bumper. Fronting the actual bumper is the bumper cover.

What is the back of a car called?

The major storage or cargo area of a car is called the trunk (North American English) or boot (British English). This area is frequently accessed by a hatch at the back of the automobile. Another name for it is a tailgate.

What is a bonnet in a car?

A front-engine vehicle’s engine bay is covered by a hinged hood, sometimes known as a “bonnet” in certain other countries.

What is a fender vs. bumper?

Both are designed to safeguard your car, however, a fender covers your tires from foreign objects like rocks while a bumper guards the front and back of your car from crashes. A bumper is often constructed of plastic, while a fender is a metal frame that frames your car’s wheel wells.

What is the part above the wheel called?

The area of the body above your car’s tires is called the wheelhouse.

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An automobile is made up of numerous pieces. An automobile, however, has four fundamental components. These include the body, the engine, the transmission system, and the chassis. With the above-mentioned car body parts, you can see there are numerous parts. Well, that is all for this article, where the names of car body parts are discussed. I hope you learn a lot from the reading, if so, kindly share with others. Thanks for reading, see you around!