Arc welding tools and equipment

Different types of equipment used in arc welding process

Today I will be discussing different types of equipment used in arc welding and their applications. Previously, some articles were published on arc welding. check out!

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Arc welding equipment

The arc welding equipment includes a power source, welding cables, electrode holder, chipping hammer, wire brush, hand screen, protective clothing, etc.

Arc welding power source:

arc welding power source comes in two types direct current (DC) and alternative current (AC). These machines have their own advantages, AC power supply is used where electricity supply is available. Well, the advancement of arc welding has brought to a reduction of supply voltage from 200-400 volts to 50-90 volts. Here are some factors to be considered when selecting an arc welding power supply.

Read more: Safety precautions in a gas welding workshop

  • Available power source
  • Electrode type
  • Require output
  • Efficiency
  • Initial and running cost
  • Duty cycle
  • The available floor space area
  • Operation type
  • Versatility of equipment


Welding cables:

welding cables are made of aluminum or copper cables insulated with either red, black, or blue color. It is used for connecting or transferring current from the power source to the electrode holder and produces arc to the workpiece back to the power source.

Arc welding cable

Electrode holder:

The electrode holder is designed to have the capacity of clipping the electrode manually in order to receive current and create the arc. It is available in sizes that range from 150 to 500 amps

Welding electrode: an electrode is a piece of wire or rod of metal. The arc welding electrode is classified into consumable and non-consumable electrodes. The consumable electrode is a bare and coated electrode while the non-consumable electrode is a carbon or graphite electrode and tungsten electrodes. All these electrodes are used for specific arc welding jobs.

Read more: Different Types of Gas welding equipment

Chipping hammer:

this arc welding equipment is used to reduce slag that occurs during welding. it is made of a wooden or rubber handle and a flat and punch head made of metal. It is used by striking off the slags on the flat head of the hammer.

Arc welding equipments

Wire brush:

these types of arc welding equipment are used to clean dirt and to wipe away rust from the metal before welding. it is made of a wooden handle and wires on its surface.

Read more: Understanding gas welding process

Hand screen:

hand screen is used for supervising weld bead and for protection of the eye.

Protective clothing:

These types of arc welding equipment are used to protect the body of the operator, protecting clothing include; apron, booth, goggles, etc.

Arc welding tools and equipment

Read more: 11 different types of welding process with the aid of a diagram

That is all for this article, where the different types of equipment used in arc welding are being explained. I hope you enjoyed the reading, if so, kindly share with other students. Thanks for reading, see you next time!


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