Parts of a Grinding machine and their functions

After several articles on this topic, grinding machine, we realize its parts must be examined. Today we’ll be looking at different components that a grinder comprises.


Grinding machine parts

Grinding machine parts:

The following stated below represent the grinding machine parts:

Base or Bed:

The bed is made of cast iron which rests on the floor and carries all the machine part. The bed houses the table drive mechanism and, on the top, some accurately machined guideways are provided at the right angle so that table can slide on it.

Read: Parts of lathe machine


There are two tables in some types of grinders; the lower and the upper table. The lower table is designed to produce a transverse movement to the work by sliding one the guideways on the bed, which is achieved by power or by hand. Whilst the upper table is located at the centre over the sliding table and containing a headstock and tailstock, which move at any direction along the table to hold the workpiece. The upper table can be swivelled and clamped for grinding straight or tapered surface.


The headstock is positioned over the bed and supports the workpiece by the aid of a dead centre and drives it. This is achieved by holding the workpiece in a chuck and drives it.


The tailstock can be adjusted and fixed in any required position to accommodate different lengths of the workpiece.

Wheel head:

This grinding machine part consists of a grinding wheel and a driving motor. The wheel head is mounted on a slide at the rear end of the base and moves perpendicularly to the table ways. This is done by power or hand when feeding the grinding wheel to the work.


The grinding wheel is fed to work by the engagement of the cross-feed control lever by hand or power.

Read: The major parts of a planer machine and their functions

That’s it for this article, grinding machine components. I hope you enjoyed the reading, if so, kindly comment, share and check other interesting topics below.

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