Different types of Lathe machine operation

There is various operation performed with lathe machine. The Operation might vary base on the fact that the use of lathes is broad, such as metalworking, woodworking, etc.  The machine helps to shape several material pieces into desired shapes. And in metalworking field, it rotates the piece on the axis in order to perform operations like facing, knurling, cutting, deformation, etc.

Read: Parts of lathe machine

An operator is expected to properly know how to operate the machine. He/she must know about the feeds, cutting, speed, depth of the cut, the working tools as well as the operations.

Types of lathe operation

The following stated below are the working of lathe machine giving desired shape and size to objects. These include;

Facing: this usually the first step to perform in lathe operation, bars with rough surfaces are cleared at each edge. This help to make it fit in the right angle of the axis and level the surface.

Tapering: an object is said to be tapered when it contains a conical shape on it. it is achieved with the help of the compound slide and the angel can be adjust in the compound slide.

Parallel turning: this is done in order to cut metal parallel to the axis, it is implied when the diameter of a workpiece must be decrease.

Parting: parting is the removing of certain part in work piece so it can face the ends. The operation is done slowly in order cut deeper and perfect. Same as the cutting tool, it is slowly pulled out to prevent it from breaking.

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Well these are some working perform by lathe machine, the following listed below are the complete operation of lathe machine;

1. Turning operations

  • Plain or Straight Turning
  • Rough Turning
  • Shoulder Turning
  • Taper Turning
  • Eccentric Turning

2. Chamfering

3. Knurling

4. Thread cutting

5. Filing

6. Polishing

7. Grooving

8. Spinning

9. Spring Winding

10. Forming

Lathe machine operations performed by holding the work by a chuck or a face-plate or an angle plate are:

1. Drilling

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2. Reaming

3. Boring

4. Counterboring

5. Taper boring

6. Tapping

7. Undercutting

8. Internal thread cutting

9. Parting-off

The operation performed by using special attachments are:

1. Grinding

2. Milling

lathe cutting tools



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